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Researchers Discover a Theoretical Correspondence Between Topology and Quantum Entanglement

Credit: Courtesy of Charles Kane

By Amal Pushp, Affiliate Physicist at the Resonance Science Foundation

Topology is a branch of mathematics concerning the properties of geometric objects and their shapes. These properties are essentially invariant under continuous deformations such as stretching, twisting, etc. Entanglement on the other hand is purely a physical phenomenon wherein two particles can influence each other instantaneously irrespective of the spatial distance between them.

In new research published in the journal Physical Review X, Charles Kane, who is the Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Physics in U. Penn's School of Arts & Sciences established a conceptual duality between topology and entanglement along with his collaborators [1].

Consider a sphere and a donut. The difference between the two lies in the fact that a donut, which has a toroidal topology, is specified by a single hole whereas there are no holes in a sphere. In this sense, a coffee mug...

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Controlling the Quantum Vacuum for Energy Transfer and Functional Casimir Devices

Researchers Devise Method to Control Quantum Vacuum Fluctuations for Unidirectional Energy Transfer Between Two Nanodevices


By: William Brown, Biophysicist at the Resonance Science Foundation

A fundamental outcome of quantum field theory is the prediction of an ever-present non-zero energy in the vacuum state. In classical physics, a vacuum is totally devoid of energy or substance. In modern physics, all forces and associated particles are field-like, and their manifestation is a result of excitations of the respective quantum field. As such, according to quantum field theory, even in a vacuum there are quantum fields, and importantly these fields are always undergoing random excitations, even at the point where there should be zero energy—i.e., there are constitutive zero-point energy fluctuations.

These quantum vacuum energy fluctuations are not trivial, in the theory of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) they are what gives hadrons, like the proton, their mass. Within QCD...

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About the UFO Hearings Part I: Unidentified Aerial Phenomena (UAP)

By Inés Urdaneta, Physicist at Resonance Science Foundation

The existence of Extraterrestrial intelligent life has been one of the most intriguing and controversial topics for humankind. And something remarkable is happening at this moment: since may 2022 the hearings concerning UFO phenomena are being held. Meanwhile, we are witnessing changes in the mainstream narrative, particularly in USA, to the point where known physicists such as Michio Kaku (who is the most important science disseminator, together with Neil de Grasse) admits their probable existence. His main argument: some unidentified flying objects defy our current laws of physics.

Among the extraordinary features that these objects present, the most outstanding ones, are:

1) Anti-gravity lift: these objects have been sighted overcoming the earth’s gravity with no visible means of propulsion. They also lack any flight surfaces, such as wings. As an example, in the Nimitz incident, witnesses describe the...

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On the Stability of Slowly Rotating Kerr Black Holes

 By Amal Pushp, Affiliate Physicist at the Resonance Science Foundation

A black hole is a solution to Einstein’s general relativistic field equations. Based on the property of angular momentum, black holes can be categorized into two types: non-rotating and rotating. The former is described by the Schwarzschild solution and the latter by the Kerr solution, originally named after its discoverers.

Perhaps all physical systems tend to move towards equilibrium irrespective of their initial conditions and similar is the case with black holes. A long-standing problem in black hole physics concerns the stability of these great astrophysical voids. The idea is to regain the original state of the black hole after the effect of an externally applied perturbation has faded away. This proves that the black hole is indeed stable. The case otherwise is an instability and would be quite a task in that it would compel us to modify Einstein’s theory.

Addressing this unsolved...

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DNA-guided Construction of Superconductive Carbon Nanotubes

By: William Brown, Biophysicist at the Resonance Science Foundation

The utilization of superconductive materials offers the possibility for significant technological advancement if the phenomenon can be harnessed in a cost-effective manner. The problem: most materials only enter the superconductive state under ultra-low temperatures or ultra-high pressures (see Dr. Ines Urdaneta’s RSF article on superconductivity at high pressures). Maintaining such environmental conditions are an engineering challenge and are cost-prohibitive for applications in personal-use technologies, like ultra-fast home computers and communications devices, or public infrastructure like mag-lev transit and electrical transmission (greatly reducing wasted energy and hence energy usage while simultaneously increasing feasibility of nearly perfectly efficient energy distribution).

For superconductivity to move beyond niche applications a room-temperature superconductor is required, and the quest to...

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Dr. Jacobo Grinberg: A Pioneer in Consciousness Studies

Image by Inés Urdaneta, for Resonance Science Foundation

By Inés Urdaneta, Physicist at Resonance Science Foundation

Maybe you have already read or heard about the Mexican neuroscientist Dr. Jacobo Grinberg, who was a pioneer in the study of consciousness. He studied psychology at UNAM (National Autonomous University of Mexico) and then traveled to New York in 1970 to study psychophysiology at the Brain Research Institute, where he obtained a PhD focused on the electrophysiological effects of geometric stimuli on the human brain. Upon his return to Mexico, he founded a psychophysiology laboratory at the Universidad Anahuac. In the late 1970s, he set up another similar laboratory at UNAM, and in 1987, he founded the National Institute for the Study of Consciousness (INPEC), funded by UNAM and the National Council of Science and Technology (Conacyt) [1]. 

Among other phenomena, Grinberg conducted studies of what he called the “transferred potential”...

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First Observation of an Exotic Light-Matter Coupled State

By Amal Pushp, Affiliate Physicist at the Resonance Science Foundation

Light and matter are an amazing ensemble and laden with a lot of interesting physics. Scientists have always pondered upon new and exciting effects that could be created using light-matter interaction and one of the related curiosity-driven questions is whether light and matter can coexist as a single entity. New research conducted at TU Wien’s Vienna Center for Quantum Science and Technology (VCQ) in collaboration with the University of Innsbruck shows the possibility that it might do after all [1].

Utilizing the high polarizing ability of a laser, atoms were configured in a way that measurements resembled, in an unprecedented scenario, a special state of light and matter, much like a light-matter molecule.

Generally, dynamic atoms are in a high energy state which makes it difficult for a measurement to reveal an inherent attractive force between them. In order to overcome this challenge, the researchers...

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Astronomers Report Findings as Mega-telescope Delivers the First Data

By: William Brown, Biophysicist at the Resonance Science Foundation

Perhaps one of the most noble pursuits that humankind engages in is observational astronomy, borne by unbounded curiosity and the pure enjoyment that comes from viewing the wonders of the cosmos, the discovery rewards the spirit and the intellect, because when we view the Universe, we are in fact coming to better understand ourselves. To further this noble and enlightening pursuit, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center has successfully deployed one of humanity’s most technologically advanced “eye on the universe”, the James Webb Space Telescope—a technological marvel— with the first images having been revealed on July 11th.

 

The stated mission:
The James Webb Space Telescope (sometimes called JWST or Webb) is an orbiting infrared observatory that will complement and extend the discoveries of the Hubble Space Telescope, with longer wavelength coverage and greatly improved...

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Holograms are a New Way to Shed Light on the Properties of Expansion in de Sitter Universe

By Amal Pushp, Affiliate Physicist at the Resonance Science Foundation

Our universe is constantly undergoing an expansion phase which is accelerating in nature. There are several theories in the scientific literature that have been formulated to explain features of this accelerating expansion, one of which is cosmic inflation proposed by theoretical physicist Alan Guth in the late 1970s and later developed by Andrei Linde, Paul Steinhardt and others [1, 2, 3].

It is well suggested by the theory that the epoch of inflation lasted from 10−36 seconds to sometime between 10−33 and 10−32 seconds after the Big Bang. But in order to articulate the events following the Big Bang admirably, one needs to have a full-fledged quantum theory of gravity, which is still a substantial challenge for physicists.

Now our current picture of the universe is well approximated by the de Sitter framework, named after the Dutch astronomer Willem de Sitter. The de Sitter picture also...

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Additional Commentary on the Stimulated Unruh Effect: Studying Quantum Effects in Gravitational Fields

By: William Brown, Biophysicist at the Resonance Science Foundation

In a previous article RSF physicist Dr. Ines Urdaneta discussed a proposed study for probing the Unruh effect with quantum optics [1]. Because of the importance of experiments that will probe quantum effects in gravitational fields and to further elucidate the nature of the quantum vacuum, we will take another look at this proposed experiment and expound on some of the key insights of the study.

As Dr. Urdaneta explained in the previous article, the importance of probing the Unruh effect has to do with its relationship to quantum gravitational effects via the equivalence principle first described by Albert Einstein. Einstein is well known for his seminal work on the theory of relativity, which regards the behavior of clocks and rulers under accelerating and non-accelerating frames of reference, and the relativity of simultaneity that results from the invariance of the speed of light relative to any...

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