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The Zitterbewegung or “Trembling-Along-The-Way” Electron


By Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Physicist at Resonance Science Foundation

The German word zitterbewegung -zitter- means “trembling along the way” and it was coined for the first time by Erwin Schrödinger in 1930 when studying the solutions of Dirac equations for free relativistic electrons. When analyzing the behavior of the wave packets, Schrödinger found an oscillatory term with an amplitude of the magnitude of the Compton wavelength and frequency of 2mec2/ħ., where me is the mass of the electron, c is the speed of light and ħ is the reduced Planck constant. This zitter character of the electron found by Schrodinger suggested that the electron performed an extremely-high-frequency circular motion.

As it stands, Dirac’s fully relativistic equation in the form originally proposed by Dirac [1] for a free electron, describes all spin-1/2 massive particles, and it is consistent with the principles of quantum mechanics and the theory of special relativity. The...

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About the UAP Hearing III: Latest Developments (2023)

The House Committee had more than 100,000 people watching live the hearing, and comments permeated all social media and news around the world, with very different opinions on the matter, ranging from "total disclosure has begun" to "these testimonies don't provide anything new about the topic".


By Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Physicist at Resonance Science Foundation

In the precedent part of this series about the UAP hearings we had addressed remarkable testimonies on the UAP phenomena coming from pilot, military, and civilian cases, and we mentioned the efforts that were being undertaken by Harvard Professor and head of the Galileo Project, Dr. Avi Loeb, and by the panel of 16 experts in diverse fields appointed by NASA to analyze unclassified data.

 

NASA committee first public meeting

In May 2023 the NASA committee examining the UAP phenomena provided their first public meeting concerning the tens of thousands of data found in data.nasa.gov site, from atmospheric...

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The “Biological Immortality” in Certain Animal Species

Turritopsis dohrnii, source of image here.


By Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Physicist at Resonance Science Foundation

Did you know that there are animals that are considered biologically immortal? These are animals that could live indefinitely unless an external event (depredation, disease, or drastic changes in their environment) eliminated them. 

Of course, the apparent immortality of these species is conditioned by our own time-frame of observation. For example, the Ming clam had an estimated longevity of over 400 years when it was pulled from the ocean in 2006, at a depth of 88 m and about 10 km west of the southern tip of Grimsey Islet (40 km north of Iceland). The clam was named by scientists as Ming because it was born during the reign of the Ming dynasty in China and died because of the study to determine its age more accurately. Scientists rectified the age to be 507. Therefore, Ming was born around 1499, only a few years after Columbus discovered America and more than a...

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Is JWST Confirming Haramein’s Holographic Solution Predicting that the Universe is a Black Hole?

Recent observations of the JWST challenge the Big Bang origin of our universe, in support of Haramein's Holographic framework where the Universe was created by a black hole embedded in a larger universe. Most of our mainstream astronomy and astrophysics may have to be rewritten!


By Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Physicist at Resonance Science Foundation

In our RSF series concerning the Vacuum Catastrophe problem -the 122 order of magnitude discrepancy between the vacuum energy density at cosmological scale and quantum scale- and the solution provided by the generalized holographic approach [1], we remarked that this solution to the vacuum catastrophe hinted into a very intriguing scenario … that our Universe fulfills the condition of a Black hole once you correctly calculate the contribution of the vacuum fluctuations that dark mass and dark energy account for.

This theoretical prediction might now-a-days be validated with the current observations of the James Webb Space...

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Why is Energy Transfer in Photosynthesis So Efficient?

Numerical simulations have found that excitons can become a BEC -Bose Einstein Condensate- and this mechanism would explain the high efficiency of energy transport in photosynthesis of plants. The exciton-condensate mechanism could be harnessed to enhance energy transfer in synthetic systems.


By Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Physicist at Resonance Science Foundation

Photosynthesis is an extremely efficient biological process in plants, algae, and some types of bacteria, that utilizes light energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) to produce oxygen (O2) and chemical energy stored in glucose (a sugar).

Numerical simulations are showing that Bose Einstein condensates may be the key for such a high efficiency, and this phenomenon challenges what modern physics defines as possible regarding fundamental mechanisms in biological systems as it implies a quantum process that is not expected to happen at room temperature and in disordered (noisy) conditions that potentially degrade any quantum...

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Room-Temperature Ionic Liquids Show Piezoelectric Effects!

University of Massachusetts-Amherst/Lovley


By Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Physicist at Resonance Science Foundation

A team from Michigan State University have reported for the first time the piezoelectric effect in liquid phase. This was totally unexpected because, as it will be further explained in this article, the effect was thought to come solely from changes in the shape of a sample due to mechanical stress or pressure, and therefore, could only concern solids (such as certain crystals) and biological samples (such as bone).  

The fact that the effect was found in ionic rather than the common neutrally composed liquids, is probably a main factor for such a discovery, that may very well provide new physics understanding of the liquid phase in a broader sense.  

Ionic liquids (ILs) are salts in liquid state, meaning that these salts are “melted” in its ionic or charge components. Overall, the liquid is neutral, but its units are not neutral; they are ions,...

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Evidence of Resonant Waves Found in Rat Brain Activity

 


By Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Physicist at Resonance Science Foundation

Using ultrafast and ultrahigh field magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), researchers at the Champalimaud Foundation and the University of Minho have found evidence of resonant waves in rat brain activity. This means that the brain (crane) seems to be a resonant chamber where distant brain areas show correlated activations due to collective wave modes [1].

Many theoretical works have proposed models based on standing waves to explain the macroscopic patterns observed [2-5], though the nature of such activations remains unclear. To delve deeper into this mechanism and understand how distant areas exhibit signal correlations, and how they are implicated in brain function, experimental evidence required a better temporal resolution of the fMRI spectras to show the spatial pattern oscillations and prove the hypothesis that these macroscopic patterns result from the distinct or independent transient oscillation...

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That Twist That Entangles All

Source of image https://newatlas.com/triple-quantum-entanglement-photons/42116/

In a study to appear in Physical Review Letters [1], researchers report that entangled photons traveling in corkscrew paths have resulted in holograms that offer the possibility of dense and ultrasecure data encryption.


By Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Physicist at Resonance Science Foundation

Commonly, there are two ways of having light carry information: through its polarization and through its angular momentum, in particular its orbital angular momentum (OAM).

The polarization concerns the geometrical orientation of light’s electromagnetic wave oscillations (of the electric and magnetic components of light). As explained in our former RSF article The origin of quantum mechanics I: The Electromagnetic field as a wave, an electromagnetic wave such as light (also known as electromagnetic radiation or EMR) consists of a coupled oscillating electric field and magnetic field which are always...

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Quantum Harmonic Oscillator Behavior at Room Temperature

(Left) the trapped quantum fluid as seen under a microscope and (right) the shapes of the individual harmonic oscillation states of the quantum fluid when the fluid is trapped in a dip in the intensity of the laser beams (dashed line). Credit: Nature Communications (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-34440-0


By Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Physicist at Resonance Science Foundation

We are used to the notion of classical harmonic oscillators; these are oscillators fluctuating coherently -this is, symmetrically- around their equilibrium position, experiencing a restoring force F proportional to the displacement x (as F = -kx, being k a positive constant commonly known in the mechanics of ideal springs).  

If F is the only force acting on the system (which means there is no friction with the environment) the system is called a simple harmonic oscillator, and it undergoes a sinusoidal oscillations about the equilibrium point, with a constant amplitude and a constant frequency that does...

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Modified Theories of Gravity may be Replacing Dark Matter Sooner Than Expected!

For more than a decade the astrophysical community has been gathering observational evidence that seem to contradict the concept of dark matter in favor of new theories of gravity. In this article we summarize the most important ones, from to 2016 to present.

By Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Physicist at Resonance Science Foundation


As we have explained in former articles, dark matter was inferred as an additional gravitational source that could explain the flattened rotation curves of spiral galaxies; spiral galaxies were found to rotate at a nearly constant rate, independently of its radius. From Newton’s law and the distribution of visible matter, one would expect the rotational velocity of stars and gas inside a galaxy to decrease with distance, but in the 70’s astronomers found this flattened anomaly, and dark matter was born.

Nevertheless, many teams have found astronomical evidence pointing towards modified gravity models instead. For instance, in 2016, a significant...

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