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Quasars Shed New Light on the Hubble Constant

By Dr. Amira Val Baker, Resonance Science Foundation Astrophysicist

The expansion of the universe, as characterized by the Hubble constant, now has a new variable to add to the equation – the light from quasars!

The Hubble constant has long been a topic of debate with early measurements implying values of 625 km/s/Mpc and 500 km/s/Mpc. The latter value was found in 1928, by Edwin Hubble, through his observational studies of the recession velocities of galaxies. Hubble found that the recession velocity of galaxies increased with increasing distance at a proportional rate, now known as the Hubble constant. Since then, the techniques for determining the Hubble constant have undergone much improvement, yet a discrepancy still exists between the different measuring techniques.

The recession velocities of standard candles in the form of Supernovae Type 1a, give a value of 73.48 km/s/Mpc with 2.3% precision. Read more here  and here. However, the alternative method for measuring...

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A Disturbance in the Field

By Dr. Amira Val Baker, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

The Earth’s magnetic field appears to be shifting and geologists don’t know why.

Like most spinning systems, such as stars and planets, the Earth’s magnetic field is assumed to be generated through the motion of electrically conducting fluids – such as a liquid iron core as is thought to be the case for the Earth. All being well, in a perfect idealized ‘physics’ world, the magnetic field would align with the axis of spin. However, the reality is that the Earth’s magnetic field is aligned at an 11-degree angle to the spin axis, hovering somewhere over Canada. The exact location is variable and over the last 180 years the magnetic north pole has been migrating northwestward with movements of up to 25 miles per year.

Variation of the poles is normal and, in some cases, can result in complete reversal of the poles. This can be seen in the magnetic fingerprints stored in...

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The Importance of Mindfulness

by William Brown, Resonance Science Foundation Biophysicist
Studies suggest that mindfulness practices may help people manage stress, cope better with serious illness and reduce anxiety and depression. Many people who practice mindfulness report an increased ability to relax, a greater enthusiasm for life and improved self-esteem.

Meditation, or mindfulness practices, have become a well-accepted way within conventional medicine to maintain mental and physical health. In a medical establishment that generally relies on drugs to combat health problems new insights into the physical and mental health benefits of mindfulness have now been gleamed from many scientific studies.

Studies funded by the National Institute of Health (NIH) in the United States have found links between mindfulness meditation and measurable changes in the brain regions involved in memory, learning and emotion, as well that mindfulness practices may reduce anxiety and hostility among urban youth and lead to...

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The Casimir Torque validated experimentally for the first time

by Inés Urdaneta, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

The Casimir effect, responsible for the attraction of two neutral metallic plates separated 1 micron apart, is one of the most outstanding features of the vacuum influence on the macroscopic world, and has been discussed in former articles. The effect has been measured in a variety of experimental setups, but this is the first time its associated torque has been verified experimentally. The so-called Casimir torque, predicted more than 40 years ago, is a mechanical torque between two optically anisotropic materials, and depends on the electromagnetic fluctuations (EM) of the vacuum -known as vacuum fluctuations- as well as on the dielectric function of the materials, which describes the capacity of an internal charge reorganization property within the material. Optically anisotropic means that the refractive index of the material depends on the polarization and propagation direction of the electromagnetic...

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Winter Solstice Thoughts

by Johanna Deinert, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

The year draws to a close and we have approached once again the astronomical marker of change, the Winter Solstice of 2018. The northern parts of the world are at their darkest times. Depending on the latitude you are located, the angle of the sunrays decline until in the arctic region Polar Night completely deprives the living beings from the much needed sunlight. Some animals like hedgehogs therefore slow down their metabolism to go into hibernation, even in the temperate zone. The aim of this process is to minimize the need of Adenosin-Triphosphate (ATP), which the Mitochondria constantly recycle from Adenosin-Diphosphate (ADP). The energetic potential of sugar and fatty acids is transferred by a process known as cellular respiration. The Phosphate bond in these Molecules – Adenosine as Nucleic-Acid is bound to either three (ATP) or two (ADP) Phospate-Groups – was...

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Crossing the Event Horizon with Loop Quantum Gravity

Article by Dr. Olivier Alirol, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

Black Holes are the most powerful objects known in the Universe. And yet their physic remains to be discovered. For example, collapsing matter may not disappear at their center. It could bounce inside and, energy and information that fell into the black hole could emerge from the white hole. Hawking suggested once using these objects as a worldwide power plant. “A mountain-sized black hole would give off X-rays and gamma rays at a rate of about 10 million megawatts, enough to power the world’s electricity supply. It wouldn’t be easy, however, to harness a mini black hole. You couldn’t keep it in a power station, because it would drop through the floor and end up at the center of the Earth.” Black Holes are surprising singularities which are windows onto physics beyond Einstein and there is still no complete answers on how they really work.

One important question is about how...

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Inner Clocks and Future Prediction

Article by Dr. Johanna Deinert, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

Researchers from University of California – Berkeley found two clocks in our brains with different functions. The paper authored by Assaf Breska and Richard B. Ivry from the Departement of Psychology was published lately in PNAS. There are different locations in the reptilian parts of our brain (the brainstem) where we process present and anticipative time. As well as our sense of orientation in space of the body, our orientation in time is processed by the cerebellum. The anticipatory part is processed in the basal ganglia, meaning the most advanced system of the reptilian brain and the connection to the higher operative systems of the grey matter. One of these basal ganglia is the Thalamus, referred to as “the gate to consciousness” by medical textbooks. It is as well the generator of the brainwave frequencies, hence our conscious activity...

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Life in Deep Earth Totals 15 to 23 Billion Tonnes of Carbon - Hundreds of Times More Than Humans

Article by William Brown, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

Barely living “zombie” bacteria and other forms of life constitute an immense amount of carbon deep within Earth’s subsurface—245 to 385 times greater than the carbon mass of all humans on the surface, according to scientists nearing the end of a 10-year international collaboration to reveal Earth’s innermost secrets.

By: Terry Collins & Katie Pratt; Deep Carbon Observatory

Deep Carbon Observatory collaborators, exploring the ‘Galapagos of the deep,’ add to what’s known, unknown, and unknowable about Earth’s most pristine ecosystem

Bacteria, archaea, and other microbes—some of them zombies—exist even in deepest known subsurface, and they’re weirder than their surface counterparts

~70% of Earth’s bacteria and archaea live underground

Earth’s deep life suggests microbes might inhabit the subsurface of other planets

...
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The Elusive Electric Dipole Moment

Article by Dr. Amira Val Baker, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

Precise measurements of the electron dipole moment (EDM) may help solve unanswered questions about our universe.

The standard model of particle physics accurately describes all particle physics measurements made so far in the laboratory. However, although it aims to describe our observable universe, from the very big to the very small, it currently leaves many questions open for debate. One such question is – why is our Universe predominantly ordinary matter and not anti-matter?

Back in 1967, the Russian scientist Andrei Sakharov recognized that a possible reason for this asymmetry could be the occurrence of CP violation – that is the charge (C) and parity (P) combined symmetry is not conserved as expected. Sakharov suggested that matter and anti-matter were present in equal quantities in the early universe and that asymmetry developed with the occurrence of CP violation – most probably...

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Quantum Physics Working at the Macroscopic Scale

Article by Dr. Olivier Alirol, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

Quantum physics is the general term for a set of physical approaches born in the 20th century which, like the theory of relativity, marks a break with what is now called classical physics. Thus, the so-called “quantum theory” describes the often non-intuitive behaviors of atoms, photons and other particles – something that classical physics could not do.

Today, we know how to produce, using experimental optic methods, twin photon pairs whose properties are perfectly described by quantum physics. Although composed of two particles, these objects must be considered as a whole, from the moment photons are created to the moment they are detected. This quantum phenomenon is fundamental for example in quantum optics because classical physics does not allow any correlation. It is therefore necessary to deeply understand not only their origin, but above all which external parameters could...

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