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Life in Deep Earth Totals 15 to 23 Billion Tonnes of Carbon - Hundreds of Times More Than Humans

Article by William Brown, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

Barely living “zombie” bacteria and other forms of life constitute an immense amount of carbon deep within Earth’s subsurface—245 to 385 times greater than the carbon mass of all humans on the surface, according to scientists nearing the end of a 10-year international collaboration to reveal Earth’s innermost secrets.

By: Terry Collins & Katie Pratt; Deep Carbon Observatory

Deep Carbon Observatory collaborators, exploring the ‘Galapagos of the deep,’ add to what’s known, unknown, and unknowable about Earth’s most pristine ecosystem

Bacteria, archaea, and other microbes—some of them zombies—exist even in deepest known subsurface, and they’re weirder than their surface counterparts

~70% of Earth’s bacteria and archaea live underground

Earth’s deep life suggests microbes might inhabit the subsurface of other planets

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A Nanophotonic Structure Used to Entangle Photosynthetic Bacteria

Article by William Brown, Resonance Science Foundation Research Biophysicist 

There is an obvious flaw in the current predominant physics model of the fundamental behavior and nature of the universe: current physics theory is a contentious amalgamation of two separate models that seem to be incompatible in characterizing a couple of important properties, like gravity and time. One of the greatest challenges to unifying the description of the microscale, described by quantum physics, with the macroscale, described by Einsteinian mechanics—is delineating the transition between what is considered non-classical, or quantum behavior, and classical behavior that seems characteristic of the macroscale. If “stuff” behaves differently when it is at molecular scales and below, then two different models are needed to describe the “stuff” that comprises the universe; one for the microscopic scale and the other for the macroscopic.

An interesting turn of events...

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Bioreactor Device Helps Frogs Regenerate Their Legs

Article by William Brown, Biophysicist, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

A team of scientists designed a device that can induce partial hindlimb regeneration in adult aquatic African clawed frogs (Xenopus laevis) by “kick-starting” tissue repair at the amputation site. Their findings, appearing November 6 in the journal Cell Reports, introduce a new model for testing “electroceuticals,” or cell-stimulating therapies.


“At best, adult frogs normally grow back only a featureless, thin, cartilaginous spike,” says senior author Michael Levin, developmental biologist at the Allen Discovery Center at Tufts University. “Our procedure induced a regenerative response they normally never have, which resulted in bigger, more structured appendages. The bioreactor device triggered very complex downstream outcomes that bioengineers cannot yet micromanage directly.”


The scientists 3-D printed the bioreactor...

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Acoustic Tractor Beam Can Grab Objects From Behind Obstacles

Article by William Brown, Biophysicist, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

An acoustic tractor beam that can bend sound around an obstacle to levitate an object on the other side has been created by researchers in the UK. Dubbed SoundBender, the device combines an ultrasound transducer array with an acoustic metamaterial.

In recent years, researchers have used transducer arrays to build sonic tractor beams that can create complex acoustic holograms to manipulate objects in mid-air. Acoustic metamaterials are engineered materials with structural properties that do not usually occur naturally. They have been used to produce acoustic holograms, bend beams of sound and create static acoustic levitation devices. But the team behind the SoundBender, based at the University of Sussex, say that these technologies have key limitations.

Devices based on transducer arrays cannot bypass obstacles that lay between them and the levitating object....

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Quantum Mechanics Defies Causal Order, Experiment Confirms

Article by William Brown, Biophysicist, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

An experiment has confirmed that quantum mechanics allows events to occur with no definite causal order. The work has been carried out by Jacqui RomeroFabio Costa and colleagues at the University of Queensland in Australia, who say that gaining a better understanding of this indefinite causal order could offer a route towards a theory that combines Einstein’s general theory of relativity with quantum mechanics

In classical physics – and everyday life – there is a strict causal relationship between consecutive events. If a second event (B) happens after a first event (A), for example, then Bcannot affect the outcome of A. This relationship, however, breaks down in quantum mechanics because the temporal spread of a particles’s wave function can be greater than the separation in time between and B. This means that the causal order...

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Mapping Magnetite in the Human Brain

Article by William Brown, Resonance Science Foundation Research Biophysicist

That the human brain contains magnetite is well established; however, its spatial distribution in the brain has remained unknown. A new study shows that the reproducible magnetization patterns of magnetite is preferentially partitioned in the human brain, specifically in the cerebellum and brain stem.

In 1992 researchers identified the presence of magnetite—a permanently magnetic form of iron oxide—in human brain tissue. Iron in the body was no surprise. It is commonly found in ferritin, an intracellular protein common to several organisms, and the magnetite was thought to have formed biogenically, with some possibly originating in ferritin. But the presence of magnetite in the brain could be more than incidental. Various studies have shown that brain cells respond to external magnetic fields. There’s also a disturbing link to neurodegenerative disease: Evidence exists of elevated levels...

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A New Study Examines How Consciousness in the Universe is Scale Invariant and Implies an Event Horizon of the Human Brain

Article by William Brown, Biophysicist, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

A paper recently published in the Journal of NeuroQuantology presents a unitary holofractogramic model that is redefining scientists’ view of the physics of consciousness and the seamless interplay of information dynamics from the most fundamental levels of the universe to the living system and the cosmos as a whole.

Major breakthroughs in the study of the physics of consciousness—and information dynamics in general—are occurring through the discovery and elucidation of holographic and fractal principles underlying fundamental properties of nature. For instance, in a fractal organization the degree of complexity of a system is scale-free, or invariant under any translation of magnitude. This means that one can “zoom in” or “zoom out” forever and the same degree of complexity will be observed—patterns of patterns reiterate ad...

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Missing Matter In The Sun’s Interior

Article by William Brown, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

It is often assumed that a structure’s surface can be appropriately represented as a two-dimensional area, completely flat and devoid of any depth. However, in reality, two-dimensional surfaces do not exist in nature, if zoomed in sufficiently even the most seemingly flat surface has 3-dimensional structure. This can pose a problem when physics that have been formulated with two-dimensions are re-examined using a more realistic 3D model.

Just such a situation arose when astronomer Martin Asplund forewent the usual 2D model of the Sun’s surface, and instead used a supercomputer to model it as 3-dimensional surface. Asplund was hoping to formulate a more accurate model for analyzing spectral and seismological data to better understand the Sun’s interior.

Since the interior cannot be directly observed, sound and light emissions emanating from the Sun’s surface are a window into the...

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Pilot Wave Theory Explains EM Drive

Article by William Brown, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

The EM drive – a radio frequency (RF) resonant cavity thruster – appears to produce an ‘impossible’ thrust. Impossible – in that it apparently violates Newtons third law of motion: “For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.” Now in a recent paper by a group of Portuguese physicists, led by Prof. Jose Croca from the Center for Philosophy of Sciences at the University of Lisbon, present a possible explanation for this observed ‘impossible’ thrust.

The EM drive was first proposed in 2001 by British inventor Roger Sawyer and has subsequently been tested by numerous groups around the world alongside possible explanations for its propulsion. However, still a hot topic of debate, a consensus on the level of thrust and an explanation for the thrust has not been found.

Croca and his team hope to change this through their explanation...

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Neuroscientists Call For More Comprehensive View of How Brain Forms Memories

Article by William Brown, Biophysicist, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

The neurocomputational paradigm is the predominant model of explaining cognitive functioning of the brain – the generation of subjective qualia comprising a state of awareness, phenomenological experiences, as well as learning and memory. As indicated by the name, the neurocomputational model is based on the theory that the brain is analogous to a computer, and therefore mental activity arises from computational operations of neurons, specifically the synaptic connections among them.

This standard model of cognitive biology has faced significant challenges in constructing a coherent and viable explanation by which consciousness, particularly agents with free will, would arise from computational behavior. Leading some, one of the most notable of which is physicist Dr. Roger Penrose, to posit that some “intrinsic” behavior of neuronal activity is operating beyond a...

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