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New measurements exceed Heisenberg uncertainty limit; is this experimental evidence for non-orthodox quantum theories?

science news Mar 23, 2017

The Heisenberg uncertainty principle is a key theoretical limit on the precision with which certain pairs of physical properties of a quantum state, such as position and momentum, can be known. In the Bohr-Heisenberg formulation of quantum theory, also known as the Copenhagen interpretation, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle is taken beyond a mere theoretical limit on the precision with which measurements can be made on quantum systems, and is instead interpreted as a fundamental property of the universe in which there is a certain level of intrinsic indeterminacy that places unsurpassable constraints on the degree of certainty with which any measurement of complementary variables can be made.
This of course, is according to the Bohr-Heisenberg theory of quantum mechanics, and essentially argues that the absolute uncertainty and irreducible limitations on the possibility to obtain certain knowledge about a quantum state reflects the inherent meaninglessness of actual, real...

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Spacetime Geometry in Quantum Mechanics

By William Brown, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

How quantum gravity describes the inner workings of particle physics: the quantum geometry of entanglement – advances beyond the Copenhagen interpretation.

In a recent paper by the leading theoretical physicist Leonard Susskind, director of the Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics, a major conundrum of Copenhagen quantum mechanics is addressed as Susskind takes head-on the elephant-in-the-room for the major model of particle physics. The study begins by identifying one of the major shortfalls of the Copenhagen Interpretation, namely that it requires a single external observer who is not a part of the system under study. This requirement has led to a fair amount of confusion and logical inconsistencies when trying to understand the relation between the multiplicity of observers and the system under observation. Obviously, the situation required by the Copenhagen Interpretation is untenable, as the universe...

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Commentary on Time-Crystals

By Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientists
We recently posted a link to the announcement of the world's first verifiable time crystal. Here, we will elaborate a little further on what a time crystal is and why it is important to unified physics.

The basic idea of a time crystal is relatively straight-forward. A crystalline medium has a periodic, or regularly repeating structure. However, because of entropic considerations (forcing the substance into its lowest energy state) the crystal will not have the same repeating structure in all directions: it will be asymmetric -- this is known as symmetry breaking of spatial translation symmetry. So whereas with normal crystals this repeating, periodic structure is asymmetric spatially (the spatial configuration of the crystalline lattice); with a time crystal the asymmetric periodicity is not in spatial organization but in time-varying media.

Ultracold matter normally serves as the medium, where ions are cooled to such a low...

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Time Crystals – A New Phase of Matter

By Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientists

The mechanism underlying the formation of crystals is the breaking of symmetry in the spatial domain. Also responsible for phase transitions between liquid and solid it has long been associated with a system in equilibrium – that is a system in its ground state.

However, two independent teams of scientists have recently confirmed the existence of crystals in a non-equilibrium state – known as time crystals. Predicted in 2012 by Nobel Laureate Frank Wilczek these systems break symmetry in the time domain – where they show periodicities at an emergent sub-harmonic frequency and are robust to external perturbations. Could this be a resonant frequency of the quantum vacuum?

The basic idea of a time crystal is relatively straight-forward. A crystalline medium has a periodic, or regularly repeating structure. However, because of entropic considerations (forcing the substance into its lowest energy state) the crystal...

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Planck Stars: Quantum Gravity Research Ventures Beyond the Event Horizon.

By Resonance Science Foundation Research Team

In the last section of one of our articles dealing with  the so called information loss paradox of black hole physics - Stephen Hawking Goes Grey – we included a quick description of the cutting-edge work of two astrophysicist Carlo Rovelli and Francesca Vidotto describing what they came to call Planck Stars, which is gaining much interests in the popular press.

The information loss paradox is such a hot-bed of theoretical modeling right now because it suggests that either our theory of quantum physics or our model of black holes is flawed or at least incomplete (the most likely case being both/and, as is usually the solution to seeming paradoxes, which results from either/or thinking). Additionally, and perhaps most importantly, it is also recognized with some prescience that resolving the information loss paradox will hold the key to a holistic description of quantum gravity, and therefore be a major advance towards a...

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Stephen Hawking Goes Grey

faculty article Sep 20, 2016

By William Brown, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

The popular titles stating that Hawking says, “there are no black holes” are incorrect.

Recently there has been a fair amount of publicity about the publication of a transcription of a talk given by Stephen Hawking at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics in Santa Barbara, California, in August 2013, where Hawking discusses his possible resolution to the so called Information Paradox and the firewall theorem. In the extremely oversimplified explanation given by several media commentators it has been said that Stephen Hawking has refuted the existence of Black Holes with misleading titles such as - Stephen Hawking: 'There are no black holes' (from Nature magazine one of the most prestigious scientific journals). In fact this was absolutely not the case. Hawking did not say there are no black holes – he merely suggested that the classical notion of a gravitational...

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Firewalls or Cool Horizons?

By William Brown, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

Physicists attempt to cool down a heated debate by suggesting quantum entanglement occurs through spacetime wormholes.

The theoretical physics of black holes abounds with paradoxes, such as the loss of information behind the point of no return – the event horizon – and within the singularity (the theoretical object at the center of black holes, where all the mass is thought to be compressed into a point of zero-dimension and infinite density – see our article review on Planck Stars, a solution to singularities and information loss). In the investigation of the effects of quantum behaviors around the event horizon of black holes, a team of physicists have proposed another possible paradoxical situation – the multiple entanglement of particles emitted from the event horizon (known as Hawking Radiation), which would cause violations in the known dynamics of quantum entanglement. The research...

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Golden Ratio Stars

By Dr. Amira Val Baker, Resonance Science Foundation Astrophysicsist

The enigmatic pulsating variable stars have just become more intriguing – as astronomers find them to be pulsating at the Golden ratio!

Any star that varies in brightness – whether on timescale of seconds or years – falls into the category of variable stars, where the variability can be due to changes in stellar luminosity, mass, size or position. While extrinsic variables are simply due to the eclipsing of the source by another source such as a star or planet, intrinsic variables change in brightness due to underlying physical mechanisms such as pulsations and/or eruptions. The pulsating variable stars shrink and swell in size, thus varying their intrinsic luminosity and in effect pulsating through continuous contraction and expansion. Cepheid variables, the most famous of the pulsating variables, are well known and much loved by astronomers for their use in the measurement of intergalactic...

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The Geometry of Quantum Gravity

faculty article Oct 29, 2014
Early Studies

My journey to the leading edge of Modern Physics and Quantum Gravity began when I was a teenager.

I had discovered that the human body had an energetic field. While the primary aspects and functionality of this field were explored in detail by a variety of cultural and spiritual traditions around the world, I realized it was entirely missing from the current scientific framework, and absent from my High School education.

Rather casting doubt on my experiences, this absence prompted my deeper investigation. I began to notice that many of the mysteries in sciences from biology to geology, astronomy to chemistry, had fundamental patterns that were similar, and also showed up in metaphysical studies of the “Ether” throughout the ages.

Like a detective sensing a secret waiting to be revealed, I decided to dive into a study of modern physics to see if there were any studies that could explain these patterns.

I began with a study of the macrocosmic world through...

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Mach’s Principle and Gödel’s Rotating Universe

faculty article Oct 21, 2014

by William Brown, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

The question of the nature of absolute and relative frames of space, time, and motion forms the basis of Newton’s work in The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, as the opening discussion of the book. This question is also relevant to Einstein’s theories of motion occurring at or close to the speed of light, hence the appellation relative in relativity theory. As we have seen, Newton described a fundamentally absolute frame of space and time in which an object’s motion was absolute, or independent of its orientation relative to other objects.

Newton illustrated this concept in the Principia with an example of a bucket filled with water and suspended by a rope from the ceiling. If the rope were to be turned until it was sufficiently twisted, and then released, the rapid spinning motion of the bucket would impart to the water a centrifugal force that would cause it to pull away from the...

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