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The Vacuum Catastrophe

faculty article Mar 21, 2019
By Dr. Amira Val Baker, RSF Research Scientist

Finally, we can all agree that the vacuum is just not living up to its name and is in fact teeming with energy. The question now is, how much energy?

Well the answer to that question is yet to be agreed upon and as always, it’s those quantum physicists and cosmologists that are in dispute. However, this dispute is rather significant – specifically 122 orders of magnitude significant. This discrepancy, known as the vacuum catastrophe, is named as one of the worst predictions in physics.

So why the discrepancy … well, it all depends on how you see the vacuum.

At the quantum scale scientists are only able to make inferences about what is going on. Albeit those inferences are pretty spot on, with quantum physicists successfully making very precise predictions. However, this predictive power does not give insight into the nature of the quantum realm and thus the quantum vacuum. Previously it was thought to be not much...

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Nature’s Effective Way of Conducting Electrons

by Dr. Olivier Alirol, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

Circulation of electrons is essential in electronics and also for living organisms. While in our computers, we use semiconductor made mainly of silicon crystal, Nature has found a more effective way: proteins. Protein structures facilitate long-range electron-transfer. Scientists have shown that structural features of proteins have elements that facilitate electronic conductivity.

This phenomenon is largely due to the chiral-induced spin selectivity (CISS). It causes in particular the reduction of the elastic backscattering in electron-transfer through chiral molecules. In fact, electron transmission shows that ordered films of chiral organic molecules act as electron spin filters. The CISS effect gives us important insight for spin-selective processes in biology and allows the use of chiral molecules in spintronics applications.

The electron-transfer process allows for the transfer of energy and information...

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The first interstellar visitor to our solar system, could it be a technosignature of extraterrestrial intelligence?

By: William Brown, Biophysicist with the Resonance Science Foundation

It was already a sensational story, an interstellar object was careening through our solar system, it was a historic first and an opportunity to learn more about the interstellar medium around us. Since it's first sighting in 2017, the sensationalism has only grown around ‘Oumuamua, as serious astrophysicists analyzing its anomalous trajectory and acceleration began to posit that it cannot be explained by any entirely naturalistic explanation. That is to say ‘Oumuamua’s anomalous behavior indicates that it is an engineered object, not a naturally occurring one.

Despite the fact that it is undoubted there is life throughout the universe and that inevitably will lead to multiple intelligent civilizations emerging, conservative scientists—particularly within the closely regulated confines of appropriate thought within academia—are hostile to the idea of observing such extraterrestrial...

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Super-Fast 3D Printers

By Dr. Amira Val Baker, Resonance Science Foundation Astrophysicist

A new printer known as the ‘replicator’ could soon make the innovative and futuristic 3D printers a thing of the past.

3D printers came about in the early 1980’s and were considered a modern miracle. They work by depositing a material, such as plastic, layer by layer to reproduce a 3D generated computer image. Since their humble beginnings, and massively expensive prices, in which they were only able to produce functional prototypes they have since made significant advancements in precision. With such precision and the relatively lower prices they have become common place for the production of anything and everything from aerospace and automotive to medical.

However, researchers in California have now unveiled a new 3D printer known as the ‘replicator’. Based on tomography – which is the process of obtaining a 3D image of non-visible ‘internal’ structure by combining...

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Astronomy Accessible for People with Hearing Loss

by Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

How does it looks like, how does it sounds like, how would it feel? We perceive our reality through our senses: sight, smell, touch, hearing, taste. We usually don’t include the sense of perceiving how it would feel to be someone else… the sense of empathy. Most of our education is focused on the standard view that everyone shares the same senses, hence, they perceive almost the same. But even if we had the same senses, do they perceive the same? Discrimination arrives when we disregard the differences by assuming we all do.

In the USA alone there are approximately 11 million people with serious hearing problems. It is estimated to be 360 million around the globe. Astronomers at the University of California, Riverside, Gillian Wilson and Mario De Leo-Winkler (now director of the National System of Researchers SNI of Mexico), have teamed with teachers at the California School for the Deaf,...

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Panpsychism as an Observational Science

faculty article Feb 06, 2019
By William Brown, Resonance Science Foundation Biophysicist

One of the key postulations of the paper The Unified Spacememory Network, by Nassim Haramein et al., is that the intelligence and seeming orchestrated behavior underlying the self-organizing dynamics of matter and energy in the universe is based in a fundamental informational structure of spacetime, the Planck field. Since there is information processing activity occurring down to the smallest scale with Planck qubits, which we postulate cannot only process information but store memory, there are the basic components of a proto-conscious intelligence field present in the very fabric of spacetime—what we refer to as spacememory. The scientific model in which consciousness is present in all domains of the universe and underlies all phenomena is known as panpsychism.

In a recently published paper, professor Gregory Matloff makes the argument for panpsychism as a viable theory that can be evaluated experimentally to...

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Is Spacetime A Quantum Code?

by Dr. Olivier Alirol, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

In 2014, physicists found evidence of a deep connection between quantum error correction and the nature of space, time and gravity. Generally, gravity is defined as the fabric of space and time but beyond Einstein’s theory, there must be a quantum origin from which the space-time somehow emerges.

The three physicists at the origin of this discovery, Ahmed Almheiri, Xi Dong and Daniel Harlow, suggested that a holographic “emergence” of space-time works just like a quantum error-correcting code. In their paper “Bulk Locality and Quantum Error Correction in AdS/CFT” published in its first version in November 2014, they showed that space-time emerges from this quantum error correction code in an anti-de Sitter (AdS) universes.

The discovery is opening a new way to capture more properties of space-time.

From left: Ahmed Almheiri, Xi Dong and Daniel Harlow originated a powerful new idea...

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Spectral Signatures of a Black Hole Spinning at Almost the Speed of Light

by Inés Urdaneta, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

After a two years analysis on the emission spectra from a 2016 X-ray transient outburst in the black hole system U4 1630-47, obtained by three different independent space missions; Chandra/HEG, AstroSat and MAXI, the leader of the project Dr. Mayukh Pahari and collaborators could determine the spinning and mass of the BH. The estimated spinning rate is 92-95% the speed of light, with a mass of 5-10 M (million solar masses).

Fig 1 below shows the initial signals detected by the MAXI missions. These spectra are further analyzed, decomposed and fitted in order to obtain the final results published here.

Fig.1: 2016 X-ray outburst of 4U 1630–47 as observed by MAXI and Swift/BAT.

With the independent modeling of the broadband data spectra obtained by the three missions, and using the Markov chain Monte Carlo simulations on fitted spectral parameters, they find a range of the black hole spin parameter depicted...

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Quasars Shed New Light on the Hubble Constant

By Dr. Amira Val Baker, Resonance Science Foundation Astrophysicist

The expansion of the universe, as characterized by the Hubble constant, now has a new variable to add to the equation – the light from quasars!

The Hubble constant has long been a topic of debate with early measurements implying values of 625 km/s/Mpc and 500 km/s/Mpc. The latter value was found in 1928, by Edwin Hubble, through his observational studies of the recession velocities of galaxies. Hubble found that the recession velocity of galaxies increased with increasing distance at a proportional rate, now known as the Hubble constant. Since then, the techniques for determining the Hubble constant have undergone much improvement, yet a discrepancy still exists between the different measuring techniques.

The recession velocities of standard candles in the form of Supernovae Type 1a, give a value of 73.48 km/s/Mpc with 2.3% precision. Read more here  and here. However, the alternative method for measuring...

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Topological Materials: A New Dimension of Properties and Their Amazing Applications

By Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

The word topology refers to the contours of a surface or the shape of an object. In mathematics, topology classifies objects by the number of holes they have. A ball is a sphere with no hole, whereas a doughnut, with its one hole, is topologically different. The ball is topologically equivalent to an apple, and a doughnut to a cup, but not to a ball or a pretzel, since going from one topology to another would require a dramatic change, like ripping a hole. For this reason, the topological states discovered in some materials are robust and resist disruptions, unless they are as dramatic as the one mentioned previously.

Topological materials provide certain electronic states that persist despite a modification to their physical shape. What’s important isn’t the shape itself but the structure of its electronic bands; regions of electronic energy distribution particular to each material. The...

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