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A Dive into the Thermodynamic Aspects of Quantum Computation

Source: QuantumComputingInc 

By Amal Pushp, Affiliate Physicist at the Resonance Science Foundation 

It is quite conventional that the working of classical computers is affected immensely by heat and one might have come across this situation in their lives when their computer failed to function properly due to excessive heating. 

But what about quantum computers? Do thermodynamical factors influence the workings of a quantum computing device? Well, the answer is yes, quantum computers operate using quantum bits or qubits that essentially are in a superposed state exchanging information in binary code. An interesting fact about qubits is that they not only exchange information using 0 and 1 but also intermediate values between 0 and 1. These qubits are very sensitive, in that excessive heat generation could cause work-related defects which in a sense can cause harm to the device as a whole. Another crucial point is that in order to retrieve significant information...

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Experiment Generates Particles from the Vacuum

Black Hole Physics of Particle Creation Mimicked in Table-top experiment with Graphene: Experiment Verifies Long-standing Prediction of Using the Electric Field to Generate Particles from the Quantum Vacuum

By: William Brown, scientist at the Resonance Science Foundation

The Quantum Vacuum—Ubiquitous Mass-energy of Space

There is a hypothetical state of space referred to in physics as the vacuum. The idea of the vacuum is a completely empty space devoid of any matter, energy, or forces. This state is hypothetical because it does not exist anywhere in nature. The reason for this is that the very fabric of the universe, space, is a substantive medium, a sea of energy. In fact, the preeminent physicist Paul Dirac— known for the Dirac equation, an extension of the Schrodinger equation that is consistent with special relativity— posited that the vacuum must be filled with an infinite sea of negative energy electrons (see also his fascinating work on the large...

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DNA-guided Construction of Superconductive Carbon Nanotubes

By: William Brown, Biophysicist at the Resonance Science Foundation

The utilization of superconductive materials offers the possibility for significant technological advancement if the phenomenon can be harnessed in a cost-effective manner. The problem: most materials only enter the superconductive state under ultra-low temperatures or ultra-high pressures (see Dr. Ines Urdaneta’s RSF article on superconductivity at high pressures). Maintaining such environmental conditions are an engineering challenge and are cost-prohibitive for applications in personal-use technologies, like ultra-fast home computers and communications devices, or public infrastructure like mag-lev transit and electrical transmission (greatly reducing wasted energy and hence energy usage while simultaneously increasing feasibility of nearly perfectly efficient energy distribution).

For superconductivity to move beyond niche applications a room-temperature superconductor is required, and the quest to...

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Superconductivity at Room Temperature … and Extremely High Pressure

Adam Fenster for Sciencenews. “When squeezed to high pressure between two diamonds (shown), a material made of carbon, sulfur and hydrogen can transmit electricity without resistance at room temperature”.

By Dr. Inés Urdaneta / Physicist at Resonance Science Foundation

Superconductivity is the capacity that some materials show to conduct electricity without any resistance. Hence, with no energy loss. Such behavior would provide a huge advantage, since it optimizes the efficiency of all our electronics components and electrical transmission. Applications are endless; improved current technologies, going from Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to magnetically levitated transportation and quantum computers.  

First observed in 1911, superconductivity required temperatures reaching absolute zero, the point where there is an abrupt transition in the behavior of electrons, that suddenly couple in pairs (called Cooper Pairs), instead of repelling each other, and flow...

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