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CODATA Proton Charge Radius; The History Of This Fundamental Measurement. 

Article by Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Physicist, Research scientist at Resonance Science Foundation

It’s been almost two years since the charge radius of the proton was finally confirmed experimentally by a September 2019 study from Eric Hessels, of York University in Canada, and his colleagues.  

In his 2013 paper entitled Quantum gravity and the holographic mass, Nassim Haramein had anticipated this value, by proposing a generalized holographic model that enables us to compute the now-confirmed value for the proton charge radius, which was then adjusted by the CODATA (Committee on Data for Science and Technology) to that same value in 2018. This all is part of the so-called Proton Puzzle, which we will address in this article.  

Since the nucleus of a hydrogen atom consists of a single proton and this atom has only one electron, hydrogen is a suitable platform for determining the proton’s intrinsic properties, such as the proton charge radius, which is the...

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Weak Charge Of The Proton Measured For The First Time

Article by Dr. Amira Val Baker, Astrophysicist, Resonance Science Foundation Research Scientist

Charge – that is the degree to which an entity is affected by an external force – comes in all shapes in sizes. Now for the first-time scientists have been able to determine the weak charge of the proton.

The weak force is one of the four fundamental forces of nature and is significant in radioactivity – the spontaneous emission of energy and/or subatomic particles i.e. an unstable nucleus will decompose spontaneously (decay) into a more stable configuration. Note, this is done by emitting specific particles and/or specific amounts/forms of energy. For example, radioactive beta decay transforms a neutron into a proton, an electron, and an electron anti-neutrino.

The standard model describes these forces in terms of the exchange of virtual force carriers. In this model the weak force is thought to interact thorough the exchange of the massive (~ 100 x mass of a proton)...

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