& Faculty Articles

Mar 15, 2022

**By Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Physicist/ Research scientist at Resonance Science Foundation**

In this article we address the holographic solution that Nassim Haramein proposes to explain the large gap of 122 orders of magnitude between the vacuum energy density at cosmological scale and the vacuum energy density predicted by quantum field theory; the so-called The Vacuum Catastrophe, that we addressed in a former article. The complete calculation entitled “Resolving the Vacuum Catastrophe: A Generalized Holographic Approach”, by Haramein and Dr. Val Baker, was published in the *Journal of High energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology, *in 2019.

^{Image by Dr. Amira Val Baker, astrophysicist }

To estimate theoretically the vacuum energy density at the quantum scale, quantum field theory (QFT) describes a vacuum composed of an infinite number of electromagnetic fields which are randomly fluctuating at all frequencies (also known as vacuum fluctuations, or zero point...

Mar 08, 2022

**By Dr. Inés Urdaneta, Physicist, Research Scientist at Resonance Science Foundation**

One of the largest discrepancies found in modern physics is the ~122 orders of magnitude difference (i.e., 122 zeros!) between the vacuum energy density estimated by observations at the cosmological scale (a density which is represented by the cosmological constant) and the quantum vacuum energy density at the Planck scale as calculated or predicted by quantum physics.

Just to grasp the magnitude of this difference of 122 zeros we must recall that each position in a number refers to an order of magnitude. For instance, 10 is one order of magnitude bigger than 1, and 100 is two orders of magnitude bigger than 1. As we keep adding zeros, we see an increase called *exponential*. From this perspective, the size of a proton is of the order of 10^{-15} m (this means that compared to a ruler the length of a meter, the proton is 15 orders of magnitude smaller, or a quadrillion times smaller) and the...

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